Simple and Effective Steps for Car Maintenance at Home

- Simple and Effective Steps for Car Maintenance at Home
Latest update date: February 24, 06

In the era of growing industrialization and urbanization, cars have become an indispensable means of transportation for many people. According to data from the Vietnam Register, by the end of 2022, the country will have more than 4 million cars in circulation, with an average growth rate of about 10% per year. Along with this increase, the need for car maintenance is also becoming increasingly urgent.

Car maintenance It's not just about changing oil periodically or checking tire pressure. It is a comprehensive process, including many steps such as checking and replacing wear parts, maintaining electrical systems, air conditioning, brakes, and many other systems. As recommended by leading auto manufacturers such as Toyota, Honda, and Ford, routine maintenance should be performed every 5.000 km or 6 months, whichever comes first.

In this article, we will delve into the importance of car maintenance, the steps to take during the maintenance process, and the long-term benefits it brings. From extending engine life, increasing fuel efficiency, to ensuring driving safety, proper maintenance will save you a significant amount of money in the long term.

Clean the brakes

When the car has run about 10.000 - 12.000km, there is much dirt, debris or grease on the brakes. These factors can damage the brakes and reduce the braking performance. All you need to do is turn the tires and wipe the brakes with cold, clean water. Use a sponge or wire brush to do this job.

- Simple and Effective Steps for Car Maintenance at Home
Always keep your vehicle's brakes clean

Check engine oil

Check engine oil regularly, about 15 days / time. The reason for this is because motor oil is an integral part of engine operation. Doing this will help increase performance and increase the engine life of your vehicle. Enough and clean machine oil makes the engine work more smoothly, so if the oil level is not enough, you need to add more.

- Simple and Effective Steps for Car Maintenance at Home
You should check your vehicle's engine oil regularly

Power system

As you know, the battery is an extremely important part of the car. Therefore, the ability to work of the battery will have a significant impact on the performance of the vehicle. What needs to be done is to regularly clean the battery, especially the pole. The electricity from the battery to the car parts must go through the terminal so this is very necessary. Note that when removing the battery, you must remove the cathode first, the positive after. Normally, the battery should be checked once a week and also check the lights on the car.

- Simple and Effective Steps for Car Maintenance at Home
Check the car's electrical system

Maintenance of painted surfaces

You need to always take care of car paint, even if it is a low-value car. Things like dirt, or even the waste of pigeons need to be cleaned before they dry in the car.

Furniture care

Always keep the car interior clean. Should be cleaned daily because the car interior is close to your office chair every day. Use good cleaning agents or curing agents to care for the dashboard, front seats, rear seats, ceiling and leather surfaces on the car. In addition, a vacuum cleaner can be used to vacuum dust.

- Simple and Effective Steps for Car Maintenance at Home
Effective car interior care

Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

1. What is the optimal frequency of changing engine oil?

The optimal engine oil change frequency is usually every 5.000-7.500 km or 6 months, whichever comes first. However, for vehicles using high-quality synthetic oil, it can last up to 10.000-15.000 km.

2. How to check and maintain the cooling system?

Check the coolant level every 2 weeks, making sure it is between the MIN and MAX lines. Change coolant every 40.000-60.000 km or 2 years. Check pipes, water pump and water tank for leaks or damage.

3. When do you need to change the engine air filter?

Engine air filters should be replaced every 15.000-30.000 km, depending on environmental conditions and manufacturer recommendations. In dusty environments, earlier replacement may be necessary.

4. What is the importance of dynamic balancing and tire rotation?

Dynamic balancing and tire rotation help extend tire life by up to 20-25%, improve traction and fuel economy. Should be done every 10.000-12.000 km or 6 months.

5. How to maintain the suspension system?

Check shock absorbers, springs and joints every 20.000-30.000 km. Replace shock absorbers after traveling about 80.000-100.000 km or when there are signs of damage such as the vehicle bouncing or making unusual noises.

6. How often should spark plugs be checked and replaced?

For regular spark plugs, you should check every 30.000 km and replace after 60.000-80.000 km. Iridium or platinum spark plugs can last up to 100.000-120.000 km before needing replacement. See more Signs of car spark plug problems & the fastest, simplest, safest treatment today.

7. How to maintain the air conditioning system?

Check and refill air conditioner gas every 2 years or when cooling performance is reduced. Change the air conditioner filter every 15.000-20.000 km to ensure fresh air and optimal performance. See some more instructions How to use car air conditioner properly helps save significant fuel.

8. How to maintain the brake system effectively?

Check brake pad thickness every 10.000 km. Replace brake pads when the thickness is about 3-4mm. Change brake fluid every 40.000-50.000 km or 2 years to ensure optimal braking performance.

9. What is the importance of checking and replacing the battery?

Car battery Usually has a lifespan of 3-5 years. Check the voltage and electrolyte level (for regular batteries) every 3-6 months. Replace the battery when the voltage drops below 12.4V or shows signs of weakness.

10. How to maintain the exhaust system?

Check the exhaust system every 20.000 km for leaks, corrosion or damage. Replace the muffler (exhaust) when there are signs of rust or unusual noise, usually after 80.000-100.000 km. Refer to repair and maintenance services car exhaust system Fast, professional, best price at a reputable garage in HCM.

11. What is the importance of using genuine spare parts in maintenance?

Using genuine spare parts helps ensure compatibility and quality, extending vehicle life by up to 15-20% compared to using non-genuine spare parts. Although the initial cost is higher, there will be savings in the long term.

12. How to optimize car maintenance costs?

Following a regular maintenance schedule, using service centers at reputable centers, and performing simple checks at home can help save 20-30% on annual maintenance costs. At the same time, this also helps detect potential problems early, avoiding major repair costs later.

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