Dangerous situations on the road can always happen at any time, so if that is the case, how should the driver handle it? The following article will partly help drivers have more knowledge to know how to cope and keep safe for themselves and the people in the car when falling into a bad situation.
This is a dangerous situation because if not calm the driver may cause the vehicle to crash into another vehicle or cliff. First, the most important thing is that the driver must remain calm to be able to think of a countermeasure.
Deceleration by releasing the accelerator, testing the brake pedal by depressing the pedal repeatedly a few times, can recover the brakes due to the pressure loss or stiffness of the oil system.
If the brake pedal test does not work, immediately switch to the engine brake with handbrake. The engine brake uses the gear, which in turn translates to the lower numbers. With automatic transmission, shift the shift lever to D3, then D2, D1, respectively, so the engine brakes slowly. On some vehicles it may be a M (+, -) or S (+, -) manual mode, with this symbol type shifting (-) to a low gear.
In addition to putting the gear shift low, the driver pulled slowly to feel the grip. Do not jerk the handbrake because the car is moving fast, but the handbrake only works on the two rear brakes, which can cause the car to lock the wheel and lose control. If, after pulling on the parking brake, the vehicle feels slippery or lose control, immediately lower the parking brake to take control.
The driver must not turn off the engine as this will lose the power, increase the car's inertia as quickly as possible. Finally, if the road is very steep or crowded, look for bumpers, soft bushes such as bushes as possible to reduce injuries.
Stay calm and follow these steps. Step on the accelerator pedal for a few seconds at first (for low-speed vehicles), which allows the car to run straight without changing direction.
Then slowly release the accelerator pedal to maintain the speed. Most importantly, keep the car in the right lane, away from the brake pedal. Slowly reduce the speed to a safe level and steer the vehicle right next to the curb repair or wait for rescue.
Congestion is even more complicated than the case of losing brakes because the car is not slowing down but increasing. How to apply the brake does not work. So in this case what to do?
First of all, you must step on the brake pedal strongly and keep the force evenly. Do not press and release the brake several times, which may lose brake power.
Then, if it is a floor number, step on the clutch pedal to cut the transmission, the car will follow inertia. On N, keep the brakes evenly, be careful to park the car on the side, call for rescue.
With automatic transmission, the N immediately because no need to pedal. Then also parked near the curb and called for help.
When cornering, losing grip of the front or rear wheels will prevent the vehicle from moving in the right direction and may cause accident. Losing the front wheel (understeering) makes the car go straight to the curb, not into the right corner. On the contrary, losing rear wheel drive (oversteering) causes the vehicle toss its tail.
If you lose grip of the front wheel:
If this situation is calm, the handling is quite simple. First decelerate by removing the accelerator rather than stepping on the brake. Because, when braking urgently will make the wheel bundle, as well as making the tire slip, losing grip on the road. In vehicles with ABS, the driver may apply the brakes, but only lightly, not lightly. When stepping on the brakes lightly, the ABS system recognizes the activation skid to release the brakes continuously, applying more braking force on the rear wheels to help the car decelerate and the front wheels do not slip. Give the steering a little bit in a straight or near-straight direction, which makes the tire rolling and sliding nearly identical, thus regaining traction of the tire faster. After the vehicle has decelerated and noticed that the appropriate traction has returned, the driver steers in the direction of the car to continue the journey.
If you lose grip of the rear wheel:
When this happens, the vehicle tends to spin, and at this time, deceleration can not return the vehicle to orbit.
Things to do, not to try to resist, but to turn around the incident. What to do then is not to look in the direction of the car is turning, but must look in the direction you want to go. Once you have determined the direction you want to go, steer back in that direction to counteract the car's rotation. In essence, this phenomenon is like the racing drift through the bend. To regain grip for the rear wheel, you can step on the throttle.
Some drivers often assume that if the vehicle already has ESC (Electronic Stability Control), this is less likely. In essence, ESC only works effectively when the support parts in the car are still good such as the traction of the tires, braking efficiency. At the same time, if the driver turns into a road that only allows about 60 km / h at the speed of 80 km / h, the technology can not help because all interventions can not combat large inertia.
The bogs do not have a common formula to apply because each terrain is different. What needs to be done is to find a way to create friction for the wheels sticking to the hole.
Drivers should know if their vehicle drives the front, rear or four wheel drive to apply. Normally, driving an automobileUMUMX can help the vehicle escape easily, but it is more difficult to drive a bridge.
Identify the active wheel, find anything like branches, leaves, straw, packaging ... to line the roll of the active wheel. The driver may have to move forward and backward several times to gain momentum. When you get bogged down, do not try to step on the gas pedal because the harder it gets, the more the wheel will spin, creating a deeper hole, making it difficult to save the car.
If all else fails, call for help as quickly as possible. In the car should prepare small wire and shovels if you often go to places with muddy terrain.
When driving on a mountain road, it is easy to encounter small, steep and slippery roads. When downhill on roads like this, the more the pedals brake, the more they slip because a wet layer clings to the wheels so that the wheels no longer friction with the road.
The thing to do now is to return a low number, preferably an 1 number in both the manual and automatic. On automatic transmission, you can choose semi-automatic or sport mode, push the shift lever (-) to the lowest gear, or choose D1 or L on some vehicles.
Carefully go low gear through slippery roads. Limit braking as this will cause the vehicle to skid. If you often have to run mountain passes, prepare a dedicated tire.
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