Safety is the most important factor when driving in traffic. Especially for long distances, from 300km or 3 hours or more, it is easily affected by many factors (vehicle, mental health, health...). So what do you need to prepare if you have to drive long distances? Experience to know to be able to move smoothly - safely - effectively? Together Thanh Phong Auto Check out the article below!
What to prepare for the long journey by car?
Check lubricating oil, coolant
When the car operates continuously on long distances, it often consumes cooling water and lubricating oil because the engine is hotter. If you do not check the car before you go, it is very likely that there is a problem due to lack of lubrication or cooling water.
To measure the correct engine oil level, drive the car to a flat area and wait for the engine to cool down (after 5-10 minutes, turn off the engine). If the oil is black, the oil should be changed.
As for the cooling water, if it is lacking, it will cause overheating, damaging the engine, breaking the engine and related details. The coolant level is just enough to be between the Min (low) and Max (high) lines.
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Check transmission oil
With transmission oil, it is necessary to start the engine to warm up before checking, automatic transmission cars need to shift to P gear and let the engine work in moderation. Next, unplug the transmission oil level test strip, clean it, and plug it back in and then pull it out to check the oil level. Gear oil is red or rose red when new, if it turns brown or black, it's time to change the oil.
Check the battery
The battery is the place that provides power for many parts of the vehicle, with a lifespan of 2-4 years. If the battery has been used for almost as long as the above time, you should replace it before going away. If there is acid spill, cracked or broken battery cover, you also need to replace it immediately. In addition, it is necessary to brush / wash the connecting lines, the negative - positive contacts for the battery to work better.
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Suspension and steering system
When going far, the car depends a lot on the suspension and steering. To check these parts correctly, it is necessary to take the car to the garage. However, if there is any damage, it can still be recognized through signs such as vibrations, strange noises, rattling sounds when passing through a bump...
If the shock absorbers lack oil, the ride feels like riding a horse. At this point, check the shock absorbers near the wheel for any oil leaks. If traveling on the highway, the car swerves from one side to the other because the car is out of control and needs to be adjusted.
Other necessary parts also need to be checked such as horn, wipers, all lights. If the wipers do not clean the glass, it should be replaced. If it is the zin type according to the car, just change the new rubber layer.
Check the brake system
If the brake pedal is too worn, it should be replaced immediately to ensure that the brakes do not slip. Should test drive 1 lap to see if the brake has a problem or not; Pull the handbrake firmly and release it slowly for signs of squeezing or squealing. If there is a strange noise, the brake pedal is too heavy or too light when pedaling, you need to bring the car to the garage for inspection and maintenance ...
>>> Suggestions for reference: Common Damages Of Car Brake System
Check other parts
In addition to lubricating oil, coolant, gear oil, etc., you need to pay attention to the following parts:
- Check the transmission belts, belts... when cracked or broken, immediately replace with new ones.
- Check more brake fluid, steering wheel oil and windshield washer fluid tank is full or not.
- Check the air filter, if it is dirty, it needs to be replaced so as not to reduce engine power and eat gas.
- Have you checked your tires for the correct air pressure? Are there any cracks or fissures? is it worn out?
- Check wheel alignment.
- Test the brightness of the headlights and taillights, so bring a few "small" bulbs on the car to replace when the lights burn out.
- Check the car horn by pressing continuously and stretching to see if there is enough reverberation or not…
- Check the air conditioner, heater and rearview mirror.
Prepare the necessary items
Before long trips, it is necessary to prepare items such as: mini inflatables, self-healing glue sets or wheel changing tools such as wrenches, wrenches. A flashlight is needed to repair your car at night and can be used to signal other vehicles that your vehicle is in trouble.
A large parachute cord can help you ask another vehicle to pull when the engine stops; tire pressure gauge; mini fire extinguisher; map; some fuses, replacement headlight bulbs…
>>> Suggestions for reference: Essential auto repair kit
Long Distance Driving Experience
Drive calmly and calmly
In the process of participating in traffic, you need to give way actively when necessary, especially with large trucks, many passenger cars...
With the part of the road without a two-way divider, observe both vehicles traveling in both lanes to avoid sudden lane crossings. As for road sections with median strips, limit going too close to the median. Ideally, maintain a distance of 0.5 - 1m in case there are vehicles and pedestrians crossing the street in open sections.
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Be careful when overtaking
Limit overtaking in the following cases:
- Sections with signs prohibiting overtaking.
- Location with a solid divider.
- Pedestrian tunnel.
- On the bridge.
- The bend is hidden from view.
During overtaking, you need to maintain an appropriate distance from the vehicle in front to fully observe the situation before passing. Limit passing vehicles that signal about to pass another vehicle because it is difficult to react in time if an incident occurs.
Decelerate – accelerate at the right time
If you want to increase speed, you need to ensure that the road is empty and the roadside is clear. As for a densely populated area, you need to drive at a low speed to be safe because this place will have many children, vehicles, and animals crossing the road.
Pay attention to car lights
From dusk to dawn, turn on the headlights of both the front and rear cars. This not only helps you to see better and also avoids being fined by the traffic police.
For foggy weather, the driver's visibility is more or less limited. At this time, turning on car headlights will help other vehicle owners know your car's existence. At the same time, go at a moderate speed for safety.
When going downhill, do not apply the brakes continuously
It is very dangerous to constantly check the brakes when going downhill because the heat generated by the brake pads will propagate back and cause the brake fluid to boil. At this time, it is easy to lose the brake at the end of the slope, causing danger.
>>> Suggestions for reference: How to Deal with Dangerous Situations When Driving a Car
Do not text, call, use the function screen in the car
Many drivers have a habit of using phones and functional screens while driving. This disrupts and distracts when participating in traffic control and easily causes accidents.
Avoid running parallel to trucks, containers
On a one-way street with two or more lanes, you should not drive parallel to a truck or container, because doing so reduces your visibility and causes a collision. Therefore, when you see an empty road, you need to pass the vehicle to ensure safety.
The article summarizes the long distance car driving experience which any driver should not ignore. Refer and apply for safe trips!